Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Austria on May 6, 1856. Freud is mainly associated with neuropsychology. He contributed a lot to the field through his theories and practice. Freud began by studying hysteria and then sexuality. Sigmund Freud was a very controversial personality of the 20th century. His studies have a lot to do with dreams. Freud defined what he named the Oedipus complex and also presented the three stages of immature sexual development.
When he was four years old, Freud’s family moved to Vienna, where he would live and work for the most of his life. In 1881, Freud received his degree in medical and got engaged to be married a year later. He had six children. His youngest daughter Anna went on to become a prominent psychoanalyst. Upon graduation, Freud set up his own private practice treating a variety of psychological disorders. However, Sigmund Freud preferred and considered himself to be a scientist first and then a doctor. He therefore, set out to comprehend human experiences and knowledge.
Since early on in his career, Freud was highly influenced by the work of his colleague and friend, Josef Breuer who discovered the fact that upon encouraging a patient of hysteria to talk candidly about the earliest signs and incidents of hysteria, the symptoms slowly fade away. Taking inspiration from Breuer, Freud hypothesized that neurosis originated from intensely distressing experiences that had happened in the patient’s past. According to Freud, the original incidents are forgotten and concealed from consciousness. Freud treated his patients by encouraging his patients to think about and remember the experience in order to bring it back to the conscious and while recalling the experience, the patient would confront it coming to terms with it both emotionally and intellectually. Freud believed this way, the patient can let it out and get rid of his/her neurotic condition. The findings and theories of Freud and Breuer together were published in 1895 in Studies in Hysteria.
After working for a long time together, Breuer decided to discontinue working with Freud because he thought Freud stressed overly on the sexual implications and origins of a neurotic patient and was not willing to consider other factors. Freud on the other hand, supported his own argument and published The Interpretation of Dreams in 1900 followed by The Psychopathology of Everyday Life in 1901 and Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality in 1905. Most of his contemporaries saw Freud’s work to be overplayed and disreputable. Freud was invited to the United States in 1909 to deliver a series of lectures. It was after these lectures that Sigmund Freud gained immense fame. Also contributing to his fame was his book, Five Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (1916).
Freud Sigmund’s life of curiosity and inquiry ended on September 23, 1939 when he committed suicide. Freud had requested a lethally high dose of morphine from his doctor during exiling in England. Freud had been fighting oral cancer.