“The good man is the man who, no matter how morally unworthy he has been, is moving to become better.”- John Dewey
John Dewey was a well-known American psychologist, western philosopher as well as an education reformer whose ideology is of exceptional significance in the social and educational reforms. He was one who laid down the foundation for the development of functional psychology. Also, he was a significant representative of the liberalism and progressive educational philosophy. Born on October 20th, 1859 in Burlington, Vermont he attended and graduated from the University of Vermont in 1879. After that, he served as a teacher at a high school in oil city in Pennsylvania. He completed PhD. from the School of Arts & Sciences at Johns Hopkins University and later accepted a position as faculty at the University of Michigan with the assistance of George Sylvester Morris. His unpublished and missing dissertation was entitled as “The Psychology of Kant.” After serving there for ten years, Dewey joined University of Chicago. He served at the university till 1904.
John Dewey was a reflective thinker. The major locus of Dewey’s philosophical pursuits throughout his research career was epistemology. This subject of philosophy is alternatively known as theory of knowledge. John Dewey was the foremost proponent of the American school of thought known as pragmatism. It is an ideology that dismisses the theory of dualistic epistemology as well as metaphysics concerning modern philosophy in approval of a naturalistic approach. The naturalistic approach viewed knowledge as coming from an active transformation of the human species to their environment. According to this view, a person should inquire about his environment and observe the world actively to drawing ideas and check if their ideas correspond to reality or not. The naturalistic approach is a process which starts off with a check or an impediment to fruitful human action, proceeds to active manipulation of the environment to test hypotheses. After the hypothesis is tested a re-adaptation of organism is issued to actively participate in the environment that permits once again for the beginning of human action. John Dewey designed and developed a wide body of work that encompasses virtually all of the major areas of philosophical concern of his time, with this ideology as his beginning point. He also wrote extensively on social issues in popular publications such as the New Republic, eventually gaining a distinction of being a top-notch social commentator.
John Dewey earned notable honors due to his flawless works in various fields. There is a school in Brooklyn named after him known as John Dewey High School. There is another charter school named after him known as the John Dewey Academy of Learning in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Dewey published several books and researches in the fields of psychology, philosophy and education. This great intellectual left the world on June 1st, 1952 at the age of 92.